|"Tell HQ to deploy Second Squad at that Jump Off Point".|
The majority of equipment in use is predominantly of the same technological level as that of WWII. In game terms the AK47 is little more than an upgraded StG44, the M14 an upgraded M1 Garand, the M60 was based on the MG42 and the SKS and RPD have their equivalents too.
The T34/85 and IS2 were still in service and the M48 Patton used the same gun as the M26 Pershing, in fact it was even essentially a redesign of that vehicle. The T54/55 appeared in the immediate Post-WWII period and used the same 100mm D10 gun as the SU100, which could also still be found in service.
Tank armour was a little thicker and often more sloped, but was no different otherwise. What had changed however, was that HEAT rounds for tank guns had become quite common and even the T34/85's D5 gun had received an improved AT round in the immediate Post-WWII period. A straight transference of AP strike values from WWII to the '50s & '60s is therefore not on the cards.
Infantry anti-tank capabilities had improved too. The M20 'Super Bazooka' was a more than adequate weapon for close-in work and a range of recoilless rifles now equipped both sides of the Cold War. The Soviets had produced the RPG-2, a weapon not so dissimilar to the Panzerfaust. Nevertheless there was still a role for anti-tank guns and a number of states still had these weapons in their arsenals.
Experience within WWII and the Korean War had informed U.S. infantry tactics and belief that the next battlefield would be a nuclear one led to the wholesale mechanisation of the frontline infantry. A similar policy was followed by the Soviets, which led to the introduction of the BTR line of personnel carriers.
From the above comments it should be imagined that at the conventional level at least, adapting CoC to game the 1960s presents no real difficulty, other than superficial upgrades to existing equipment. COIN or 'asymmetric warfare' is a quite different animal however and one I won't be addressing until both the Fighting Season and Rhodesia supplements have been released by TFL.
Nevertheless this will not prevent me from producing force lists and weapon stats for the troops and vehicles involved in this pet project of mine in the meantime, nor the minor rule changes which follow.
Most of the main tank and anti-tank weapons use HEAT in this era. The AP Strike Values become so ridiculously high for some weapons, that a single hit can destroy most tanks with ease. Even with a vehicle with a high Armour rating, the sheer numbers of dice rolled for some weapons would mean it would be pointless rolling to save against them.
Somewhat realistic in some contexts perhaps, but when you have spent time and money modelling your 'armoured beast of war', a bit off-putting to say the least. It also does not take into account the chance of the HEAT round striking a non-critical area and causing less than disabling damage.
In the spirit of the original CoC rules therefore, the following rule applies to all weapons firing HEAT (including infantry AT weapons);
- Weapons designated with the HEAT attribute add +1 to their Strike Dice when determining the number of hits on a vehicle.
Example: A 106mm M40 recoilless rifle (AP = 14) fires at a T55 (Armour = 16). Shooting is worked out as per the normal CoC rules, until you reach step three, when +1 is added to each dice rolled per AP Strike Value; in other words a hit on the front of the vehicle now only requires a roll of 4, 5, or 6, rather than the 5 or 6 previously needed.
The T-55 still rolls its 16 Armour 'save' Dice, but is now at a disadvantage compared to the increased efficiency of the HEAT projectile, as it still only 'saves' against each hit on a 5 or 6. A one hit kill is now inherently more likely, as are two, three and equal hits to saves, but not automatic, which would otherwise be the case using pure AP values.
Modern Gun Stabilisation
"Seriously that +1 still means you have to side shoot a T34 with a 2.5" Bazooka, see?"
While stabilisation devices were introduced during the later stages of WWII, the first ones controlled by gyroscope did not appear until after the war ended. While some were better than others, they did make an impact on warfare, principally that vehicles no longer had to stop to place an accurate shot on target.
- Vehicles noted as 'stabilised' suffer no penalty for moving and firing.